Thursday, September 10, 2009

Old Testament survey (33): Micah

Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the Lord from his holy temple. (Micah 1:2)

But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee shall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. (Micah 5:2)

He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the LORD require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God? (Micah 6:8)

Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy. He will turn again, he will have compassion upon us; he will subdue our iniquities; and thou wilt cast all their sins into the depths of the sea. (Micah 7:18-19)


[1] Micah, from Thru The Bible Radio with Dr. J. Vernon McGee ©, with free downloads Notes & Outlines (PDF), Complete 5-Year Study (MP3)

Micah pronounced judgment on the cities of Israel and on Jerusalem in Judah. These centers influenced the people of the nation. These were the urban problems that sound very much like our present–day problems. Micah condemned violence, corruption, robbery, covetousness, gross materialism, spiritual bankruptcy, and illicit sex. He well could be labeled “the prophet of the city.”

The theme of Micah is very important to understand. Customarily, Micah is considered a prophet of judgment. That seems to be true since in the first three chapters there is a great emphasis on judgment. However, although the first three chapters are denunciatory, the last four chapters are consolatory. His great question is found in one of the loveliest passages of Scripture. “Who is like unto Thee?” that is, unto God. We find that Micah emphasizes that theme as he goes along. In the first thee chapters: Who is like unto God in proclaiming—that is, in witnessing? In chapters 4 and 5: Who is like unto God in prophesying, in consoling? In chapter 6: Who is like unto God in pleading? Finally, in chapter 7: Who is like unto God in pardoning? This is what makes Micah a wonderful little book. The main theme of the book is God’s judgment and redemption—both are there. The key verse, to me, is Micah 7:18 which says, “Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy.” (Read the complete article)
[2] Book of Micah, from (this website is also available in Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Burmese-Myanmar, Cebuano, Chinese - Simplified, Chinese – Traditional, Hausa, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Malaysian, Persian-Farsi, Portuguese, Quechua, Sesotho, Spanish, Swahili, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Urdu, Vietnamese, Zulu, and 70 other languages)
Micah 5:2 is a Messianic prophecy quoted by the magi who were searching for the king born in Bethlehem (Matthew 2:6). Because these kings from the East were familiar with the Hebrew Scriptures, they knew that from the tiny village of Bethlehem would come forth the Prince of Peace, the Light of the world. Micah’s message of sin, repentance and restoration finds its ultimate fulfillment in Jesus Christ who is the propitiation for our sins (Romans 3:24-25) and the only way to God (John 14:6). Read the complete article
[3] Micah, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)
Micah, a contemporary of Isaiah, prophesied during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah over Judah, and of Pekahiah, Pekah, and Hoshea over Israel 2 Kings 15:23-30; 17:1-6. He was a prophet in Judah Jeremiah 26:17-19 but the book called by his name chiefly concerns Samaria.

Micah falls into three prophetic strains, each beginning, “Hear”:

1. Micah 1:1-2:13
2. Micah 3:1-5:15
3. Micah 6:1-7:20

The events recorded Micah cover a period of 40 years (Ussher).

Click here[1] New Testament references to Micah
  • Matthew 2:6; John 7:42 (Micah 5:2)
  • Matthew 10:21, 35-36 (Micah 7:6)
  • Luke 1:72-73 (Micah 7:20)
[2] Prophecies of the Messiah in the Old Testament and their fulfillment in the New Testament
  • Woman’s seed: Genesis 3:15, fulfilled in Luke 2:4-11 and Galatians 4:4
  • Offspring (seed) of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob: Genesis 17:19 and Numbers 24:17, fulfilled in Luke 3:34 and Matthew 1:2
  • Will be born in Bethlehem: Micah 5:2 fulfilled in Matthew 2:1-6 and Luke 2:1-20
  • Will be born of a virgin: Isaiah 7:14 fulfilled in Matthew 1:18-25 and Luke 1:26-38
  • Will be a prophet like Moses: Deuteronomy 18:15-19, fulfilled in John 7:40
  • Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: Zechariah 9:9, fulfilled in Matthew 21:1-9 and John 12:12-16
  • Will be rejected by His own people: Isaiah 53:1, 3 and Psalm 118:22, fulfilled in Matthew 26:3-4, John 12:37-43 and Acts 4:1-12
  • Will be betrayed by one of His followers: Psalm 41:9, fulfilled in Matthew 26:14-16; 47-50, and Luke 22:19-23
  • Will be tried and condemned: Isaiah 53:8, fulfilled in Luke 23:1-25 and Matthew 27:1-2
  • Will be silent before His accusers: Isaiah 53:7, fulfilled in Matthew 27:12-14, Mark 15:3-4 and Luke 23:8-10
  • Will be struck and spat on by His enemies: Isaiah 50:6, fulfilled in Matthew 26:67, 27:30 and Mark 14:65
  • Will be mocked and insulted: Psalm 22:7-8, fulfilled in Matthew 27:39-44 and Luke 23:11, 35
  • Will die by crucifixion: Psalm 22:14-17, fulfilled in Matthew 27:31 and Mark 15:20, 25
  • Will suffer with criminals and pray for His enemies: Isaiah 53:12, fulfilled in Matthew 27:38, Mark 15:27-28 and Luke 23:32-34
  • Will be given vinegar and gall: Psalm 69:21, fulfilled in Matthew 27:34 and John 19:28-30
  • People will cast lots for the Messiah’s garments: Psalm 22:18, fulfilled in Matthew 27:35 and John 19:23-24
  • Messiah’s bones will not be broken: Exodus 12:46, fulfilled in John 19:31-36
  • Messiah will die as a sacrifice for sin: Isaiah 53:5-12, fulfilled in John 1:29 and 11:49-52, Acts 10:43 and 13:38-39
  • Will be raised from the dead: Psalm 16:10, fulfilled in Matthew 28:1-10 and Acts 2:22-32
  • Messiah is now at God’s right hand: Psalm 110:1, fulfilled in Mark 16:19 and Luke 24:50-51
[3] Bible verses on mercy:
2 Samuel 22:26; Psalm 18:25; 37:25-26; 85:10; Proverbs 3:3-4; 11:17; 12:10; 14:21-22, 31; 20:28; 21:21; Hosea 4:1; 12:6; Micah 6:8; Matthew 5:7; 23:23; Luke 6:36; Romans 12:8; Colossians 3:12-13; James 2:13
[4] Bible verses on humility:
Deuteronomy 9:4-29; 15:15; 32:7; Job 5:11; 22:29; 25:5-6; Psalms 9:12; 10:17; 22:6, 26; 25:9; 37:11; 69:32; 86:1; 131:1-2; 138:6; 147:6; Proverbs 3:34; 10:8; 11:2; 12:15; 15:33; 16:19; 18:12; 22:4; 25:6-7; 27:2; 29:23; 30:32; Ecclesiastes 5:2; Isaiah 29:19; 51:1; 57:15; 66:2; Jeremiah 45:5; Ezekiel 16:63; Micah 6:8; Zephaniah 3:11,12; Matthew 5:3; 11:29; 18:2-4; 20:26-27; 23:12; Mark 9:33-37; 10:43-44; Luke 1:52; 9:46-48; 10:21; 14:10-11; 17:10; 18:13-14; 22:24-27; John 13:14-16; Romans 11:18, 20, 25; 12:3, 10, 16; 1 Corinthians 1:28-29; 2:1-3; 3:18; 10:12; 13:4; 2 Corinthians 11:30; 12:5-12; Galatians 5:26; 6:14; Ephesians 4:2; 5:21; Philemon 2:3-11; Colossians 3:12; James 1:9-10, 19; 3:1; 4:6, 10; 1 Peter 5:3, 5-6
Further study (Be like the Bereans! Acts 17:11)

[1] Present Judgment / Future Deliverance – Commentary On The Book Of Micah, by Paul G. Apple

[2] Materials by David Malick
[3] Micah, by Hampton Keathley IV

Sermons on Micah (Be like the Bereans! Acts 17:11)

[1] Micah’s Message for to-day, by Charles H. Spurgeon

[2] Sermons by Ronald E. George Jr. at the Fayetteville Baptist Church
[3] “Micah And His Mercenary Minister”, by David Legge

[4] Prince of Peace Born in Bethlehem Micah 5:2, from South McGehee Baptist Church, McGehee AR

[5] Sermons from Central Baptist Church – Lowesville
[6] Jesus Before Bethlehem Micah 5:2, from Word of Life Baptist Church, Pottsville PA

[7] Micah 1, by Paul Hawkins

[8] Micah 5:1–4, by Craig Friedley

[9] Micah 5_2 O Little Town of Bethlehem, by David A Estep

For other available sermons, please surf to Sermon / Preaching resources. Sermons are also available from South McGehee Baptist Church, McGehee, Arizona; Central Baptist Church, Lowesville; First Baptist Church, Mountain View, Missouri; Swift Creek Baptist Church; Word of Life Baptist Church, Pottsville, Philadelphia; Palm Springs Baptist Church, California; South Woods Baptist Church; Grove Baptist Church, Ulster; Dudley Baptist Church, United Kingdom; Independent Fundamental Baptist Sermons, Fundamental Christian Radio Broadcasts, Off-Site Audio Page and The Christian Radio Tuner

Notes: (1) This ministry does not necessarily endorse or share all the views and opinions expressed in the materials, resources or links mentioned in these posts. Please always refer to the Articles of Faith and Biblical distinctives of Baptists when you study these materials. (2) This lesson is part of the projected 300 plus lessons. From time to time, the lessons will be updated, revised, combined, formatted, and edited to comply with the VOA Simplified English word list. Later on, these lessons will be categorized, numbered sequentially, and made available as PDF downloads.

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