Wednesday, October 21, 2009

Old Testament survey (38): Zechariah

Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts.(Zechariah 1:3)

Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts. (Zechariah 4:6)

Therefore it is come to pass, that as he cried, and they would not hear; so they cried, and I would not hear, saith the LORD of hosts: (Zechariah 7:13)

And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again. (Zechariah 9:9)

And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: they shall call on my name, and I will hear them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God. (Zechariah 13:9)


[1] Zechariah, from Thru The Bible Radio with Dr. J. Vernon McGee ©, with free downloads Notes & Outlines (PDF), Complete 5-Year Study (MP3)

This book has the characteristics of an apocalypse. The visions resemble those in the Books of Daniel and Ezekiel and Revelation. Daniel and Ezekiel were born in the land of Israel but wrote their books outside of it. Zechariah was born outside of the land down by the canals of Babylon, but he wrote in the land. It is interesting that Daniel, Ezekiel, and John were all outside Israel when they wrote. Only Zechariah was in that land when he wrote his apocalyptic visions. In the dark day of discouragement which blanketed the remnant, he saw the glory in all of the rapture and vision of hope. He has more messianic prophecies than any of the other minor prophets. This is therefore an important and interesting book. (Read the complete article)
[2] Book of Zechariah, from (this website is also available in Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Burmese-Myanmar, Cebuano, Chinese - Simplified, Chinese – Traditional, Hausa, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Malaysian, Persian-Farsi, Portuguese, Quechua, Sesotho, Spanish, Swahili, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Urdu, Vietnamese, Zulu, and 70 other languages)
Prophecies about Jesus Christ and the messianic era abound in Zechariah. From the promise that Messiah would come and dwell in our midst (Zechariah 2:10-12; Matthew 1:23) to the symbolism of the Branch and the Stone (Zechariah 3:8-9, 6:12-13; Isaiah 11:1; Luke 20:17-18) to the promise of His Second Coming where they who pierced Him will look upon Him and mourn (Zechariah 12:10; John 19:33-37), Christ is the theme of the Book of Zechariah. Jesus is the Savior of Israel, a fountain whose blood covers the sins of all who come to Him for salvation (Zechariah 13:1; 1 John 1:7). (Read the complete article)
[3] Zechariah, from Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)
Zechariah, like Haggai, was a prophet to the remnant which returned after the 70 years. There is much of symbol in Zechariah, but these difficult passages are readily interpreted in the light of the whole body of related prophecy. The great Messianic passages are, upon comparison with the other prophecies of the kingdom, perfectly clear. Both advents of Christ are in Zechariah’s prophecy Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:1-11 Zechariah 14:3, 4. More than Haggai or Malachi, Zechariah gives the mind of God about the Gentile world-powers surrounding the restored remnant. He has given them their authority Daniel 2:27-40 and will hold them to account; the test, as always, being their treatment of Israel. (See Scofield “Genesis 15:18”) note 3, clause 6; Zechariah 2:8. Zechariah, therefore, falls into three broad divisions:

1. Symbolic visions in the light of the Messianic hope, 1:1-6:15.
2. The mission from Babylon, 7, 8.
3. Messiah in rejection and afterwards in power, 9-14.

[1] Messianic prophecies in Zechariah
  • He will be King: Zechariah 9:9, fulfilled in John 18:33-38, Matthew 27:37
  • Triumphal entry on a donkey: Zechariah 9:9, fulfilled in Luke 19:35-37
  • He will be betrayed for 30 pieces of silver: Zechariah 11:12, fulfilled in Matthew 26:14-15
  • Money thrown in house of Lord: Zechariah 11:13, fulfilled in Matthew 27:5
  • Price for potter’s field: Zechariah 11:13, fulfilled in Matthew 27:6-7
  • They will look on whom they pierced: Zechariah 12:10, fulfilled in John 19:34-37
  • His side will be pierced: Zechariah 12:10, fulfilled in John 19:34
[2] The eight night visions of Zechariah:
  1. The man on the red horse (Zechariah 1:7-17) – After 70 years, Jerusalem will be rebuilt and the heathen will be punished.
  2. The four horns and the four carpenters (Zechariah 1:18-21) – There is no longer any opposition to the building of the Lord’s house.
  3. The man with the measuring line (Zechariah 2:1-13) – Jerusalem will be a city without walls and the Lord will be her protection.
  4. Joshua, the High Priest, and the Branch (Zechariah 3:1-10) – The priesthood shall be cleansed and made acceptable for service.
  5. The golden candlestick with seven lambs and two olive trees (Zechariah 4:1-14) – Zerubbabel and Joshua are given assurance that the temple will be completed.
  6. The flying sroll (Zechariah 5:1-4) – The Law will remove crime from the land.
  7. The woman sitting in an ephah (Zechariah 5:5-11) – With the temple rebuilt, evil is to be removed from the land.
  8. The 4 Chariots from between the Copper Mountains to forth to Patrol the Earth (Zechariah 6:1-8) – Symbolizes God’s protecting providence, the earth is at peace under the control of God.
[3] New Testament use of Zechariah
  • Zechariah 1:8 with Revelation 6:1-8
  • Zechariah 3:2 with Jude 1:9
  • Zechariah 3:9 with Revelation 5:6
  • Zechariah 8:16 with Ephesians 4:25
  • Zechariah 9:9 with Matthew 21:5; John 12:14ff
  • Zechariah 11:12f with Matthew 27:9f
  • Zechariah 12:10 with John 19:37; Revelation 1:7
  • Zechariah 13:7 with Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27
  • Zechariah 14:11 with Revelation 22:3
[4] Messianic Psalms (those chapters or verses which contain references to the Messiah and are applied to Christ in the New Testament). Three Messianic psalms, specifically, Psalm 24 (King of Glory), Psalm 72 (millennial reign of Christ) and Psalm 89 (fulfillment of Davidic covenant by Christ) however are not mentioned in the New Testament.
  • The Messiah will be the Son of God, Psalm 2:7, as fulfilled in Matthew 3:17; Mark 1:11; Luke 3:22

  • The Messiah will be raised from the dead (resurrected), Psalm 16:10-11, as fulfilled in Matthew 28:5-9; Mark 16:6; Luke 24:4-7; John 20:11-16; Acts 1:3 and 2:32

  • The Messiah crucifixion experience, Psalm 22, as fulfilled in Matthew 27:34-50 and John 19:17-30

  • The Messiah will be sneered at and mocked, Psalm 22:7, as fulfilled in Luke 23:11, 35-39

  • The Messiah will be pierced through his hands and feet, Psalm 22:16, as fulfilled in Luke 23:33 and 24:36-39; John 19:18 and 20:19-20, 24-27

  • The Messiah’s bones will not be broken (a person’s legs were usually broken after being crucified to speed up death), Psalm 22:17 and 34:20, as fulfilled in John 19:31-33, 36

  • Men will gamble for the Messiah’s clothing, Psalm 22:18, as fulfilled in Matthew 27:35; Mark 15:24; Luke 23:34; John 19:23-24

  • The Messiah will accused by false witnesses, Psalm 35:11, as fulfilled in Matthew 26:59-60 and Mark 14:56-57

  • The Messiah will be hated without a cause, Psalm 35:19 and 69:4, as fulfilled in John 15:23-25

  • The Messiah will be betrayed by a friend, Psalm 41:9, as fulfilled in John 13:18, 21

  • The Messiah will ascend to heaven at the right hand of God, Psalm 68:18, as fulfilled in Luke 24:51; Acts 1:9; 2:33-35; 3:20-21; 5:31,32; 7:55-56; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20,21; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2

  • The Messiah will be given vinegar and gall to drink, Psalm 69:21, as fulfilled in Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23; John 19:29-30

  • Great rulers will pay homage and tribute to the Messiah, Psalm 72:10-11, as fulfilled in Matthew 2:1-11

  • The Messiah is a “stone the builders rejected” but who will become the “head cornerstone” Psalm 118:22-23 and Isaiah 28:16, as fulfilled in Matthew 21:42,43; Acts 4:11; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Peter 2:6-8

  • The Messiah will be a descendant of David, Psalm 132:11 and Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:15-16, as fulfilled in Luke 1:32-33
Further study (Be like the Bereans! Acts 17:11)

[1] The Lord Remembers And Will Again Choose Jerusalem -- Commentary On The Book Of Zechariah, by Paul G. Apple

[2] Materials by David Malick
[3] Zechariah by Hampton Keathley IV

[4] Materials by Eugene H. Merrill
Sermons on Zechariah (Be like the Bereans! Acts 17:11)

[1] Sermons by Pastor Jeremy Stephens, Southview Baptist Church
[2] Sermons from South McGehee Baptist Church, McGehee AR
[3] How God Expects Us To Build, Zechariah 4:6, by James McCullen, First Baptist Church, Mountain View, MO

[4] Three Visions, by Charles Leman Eldred

[5] Sermons by David Gatch Jr
[6] Call to Repentance - 1v1-6, by Steven Richards

[7] Zechariah, by Jason W. Miller

[8] Minor Prophets – Zechariah, by Chris Hodges

[9] Sermons by Eddie Steetle
[10] Making God Glad, by Mike Crews

[11] Sermons by Woody Rimes
[12] sf823 - BEHOLD YOUR KING (Zechariah 9 9), by Timothy McGhee

[13] Messiahs Second Advent Zech 9-10-10-12, by Dr. Al Brodbent

[14] Sermons by Thomas Jackson
[15] Do Not Despise These Small Beginnings! 1 by Flanvis Johnson, Jr.

[16] Ministry Gods Way 2, by Daniel Shapley

[1] For other available sermons, please surf to Sermon / Preaching resources.

For other available sermons, please surf to Sermon / Preaching resources. Sermons are also available from South McGehee Baptist Church, McGehee, Arizona; Central Baptist Church, Lowesville; First Baptist Church, Mountain View, Missouri; Swift Creek Baptist Church; Word of Life Baptist Church, Pottsville, Philadelphia; Palm Springs Baptist Church, California; South Woods Baptist Church; Grove Baptist Church, Ulster; Dudley Baptist Church, United Kingdom; Independent Fundamental Baptist Sermons, Fundamental Christian Radio Broadcasts, Off-Site Audio Page and The Christian Radio Tuner

Notes: (1) This ministry does not necessarily endorse or share all the views and opinions expressed in the materials, resources or links mentioned in these posts. Please always refer to the Articles of Faith and Biblical distinctives of Baptists when you study these materials. (2) This lesson is part of the projected 300 plus lessons. From time to time, the lessons will be updated, revised, combined, formatted, and edited to comply with the VOA Simplified English word list. Later on, these lessons will be categorized, numbered sequentially, and made available as PDF downloads.

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