Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Old Testament survey (02): Exodus

By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king’s commandment.

By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.

By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible. Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned
(Hebrews 11:23-29)


[1] From “Thru The Bible with Dr. J. Vernon McGeewith free downloads: Notes & Outlines (PDF); Complete 5-Year Study (MP3); The Sabbath Day or the Lord's Day--Which? (PDF); The Tabernacle: God's Portrait of Christ (PDF)

Exodus means “the way out” and tells the story of redemption by blood and by power. The message of Exodus is stated in Hebrews 11:23–29. (Read the complete article)
[2] From “Exodus” by (this website is also available in Afrikaans, Arabic, Bengali, Burmese-Myanmar, Cebuano, Chinese- Simplified, Chinese – Traditional, Hausa, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Khmer, Korean, Malaysian, Persian-Farsi, Portuguese, Quechua, Sesotho, Spanish, Swahili, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Urdu, Vietnamese, Zulu, and 70 other languages)
The word “exodus” means departure. In God's timing, the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt marked the end of a period of oppression for Abraham's descendants (Genesis 15:13), and the beginning of the fulfillment of the covenant promise to Abraham that his descendants would not only live in the Promised Land, but would also multiply and become a great nation (Genesis 12:1-3, 7). The purpose of the book may be expressed as tracing the rapid growth of Jacob's descendants from Egypt to the establishment of the theocratic nation in their Promised Land. (Read the complete article)
[3] Moses and the Exodus, by Bob Deffinbaugh, Th.M.
The coming of our Lord is truly the greatest event since Creation. But from the perspective of the Old Testament believer, there is one great event after Creation that overshadows all others – the exodus of the nation Israel from Egypt. This is a great turning point in the “unfolding drama of redemption.” (Read the complete article)
[4] From “The Exodus and The Wanderings in the Wilderness” The Bible History, Old Testament, by Alfred Edersheim
THE period covered by the central books of the Pentateuch is, in many respects, the most important in Old Testament history, not only so far as regards Israel, but the Church at all times. Opening with centuries of silence and seeking Divine forgetfulness during the bondage of Egypt, the pride and power of Pharaoh are suddenly broken by a series of miracles, culminating in the deliverance of Israel and the destruction of Egypt's host.

In that Paschal night and under the blood-sprinkling, Israel as a nation is born of God, and the redeemed people are then led forth to be consecrated at the Mount by ordinances, laws, and judgments. Finally, we are shown the manner in which Jehovah deals with His people, both in judgment and in mercy, till at the last He safely brings them to the promised inheritance.

In all this we see not only the history of the ancient people of God, but also a grand type of the redemption and the sanctification of the Church. There is yet another aspect of it, since this narrative exhibits the foundation of the Church in the Covenant of God, and also the principles of Jehovah's government for all time. For, however great the difference in the development, the essence and character of the covenant of grace are ever the same. The Old and New Testaments are essentially one - not two covenants but one, gradually unfolding into full perfectness, “Jesus Christ Himself being the chief corner stone” of the foundation which is alike that of the apostles and prophets. (Read the complete article)
[5] From Scofield’s 1917 Reference Notes
EXODUS, "going out," records the redemption out of Egyptian bondage of the descendants of Abraham, and sets forth, in type, all redemption. It is therefore peculiarly the book of redemption. But as all redemption is unto a relationship with God of which worship, fellowship, and service are expressions, so Exodus, in the giving of the law and the provisions of sacrifice and priesthood, becomes not only the book of redemption, but also, in type, of the conditions upon which all relationships with God exist.

Broadly, the book teaches that redemption is essential to any relationship with a holy God; and that even a redeemed people cannot have fellowship with Him unless constantly cleaned of defilement.

In EXODUS, God, hitherto connected with the Israelitish people only through His covenant with Abraham, brings them to himself nationally through redemption, puts them under the Mosaic Covenant, and dwells among them in the cloud of glory. Galatians explains the relation of the law to the Abrahamic Covenant. In the Commandments God taught Israel His just demands. Experience under the Commandments convicted Israel of sin; and the provision of priesthood and sacrifice (filled with precious types of Christ) gave a guilty people a way of forgiveness, cleansing, restoration to fellowship, and worship.

Exodus falls into three chief divisions:

1. Israel in Egypt (Genesis 1-15)
2. From the Red Sea to Sinai (Genesis 16-18)
3. Israel at Sinai (Genesis 19-40)
[6] Exodus - Study & Outline (with chart Let My People Go), from Uplook Ministries


[1] Moses wrote the Book of Exodus (Exodus 17:14; 24:4-7; 34:27; Deuteronomy 31:9; 1 Kings 2:3, Nehemiah 8:1; Mark 7:10, 12:26) sometime between 1440 and 1400 B.C.

[2] Between Genesis and Exodus, there was a lapse of some four hundred years (Genesis 15:13; Exodus 12:40; Galatians 3:16–17)

[3] The Hyksos, a non-Egyptian people, ruled Egypt during the time of Joseph. A native Egyptian dynasty ruled Egypt by the time of Moses.

[4] The word “exodus” means departure or “the way out”.

[5] Hebrews 11:23–29 summarizes what the Book Exodus is all about.

[6] Key word: Redemption (Exodus 6:6; 13:13, 15)

[7] Key chapters: Exodus 12 – the flight out of Egypt; Exodus 20 – the Ten Commandments; and the tabernacle (Exodus 25-40)

[8] Each plague God brought was directed against a particular god in Egypt.

[9] The Ten Commandments:
  • I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
  • Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
  • Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
  • Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
  • Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
  • Thou shalt not kill.
  • Thou shalt not commit adultery.
  • Thou shalt not steal.
  • Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
  • Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.
[10] Exodus 20:5 does not speak of an inter-generational curse. Deuteronomy 24:16 and Ezekiel18:19-32 clearly state that children were not to be punished for the sins of their parents. They will however experience the adverse effects of their parents’ sins.

[11] Christ as pictured in the Book of Exodus: the sacrifices required of the Israelites (Jesus Christ as the Passover Lamb of God, without spot or blemish, in and John 1:29 and 1 Peter 1:19); the water from the rock in Exodus 17:6 and the gift of living water in John 4:10); and manna, with Christ as the Bread of Life (John 6:48).

[12] What is the purpose of the Law? Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith (Galatians 3:24). Christ came to redeem us from the curse of the Law (Galatians 3:13).

[13] Are we justified by following the Law? “Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified” (Galatians 2:16)

The Apostle Paul states clearly that we are no longer under the Law (Romans 6:14; Galatians 5:18).The Bible is our standard for living, with many Old Testament principles clearly beneficial to us.

Further study (Be like the Bereans! Acts 17:11)

[1] Exodus 20, from Practical Bible (with mp3 from J. Vernon McGee)

[2] Materials by Bob Deffinbaugh, Th.M.
[3] Materials by David Malick
Sermons on Exodus 20 (Be like the Bereans! Acts 17:11)

[1] No Other gods, by Gary D. Smith, Philadelphia Baptist Church

[2] A0416_Thinking Rightly About God, by Joel Dawson

[3] No gods, but God, by Rex Bonar

[4] Close to the Edge, by John Fimple

[5] COC 26 Getting to Know the Law, by Timothy Lovegrove

[6] Mosaic Covenant, by Pastor Steve Bramham

[7] A Dispensational Overview of The Bible, by Cedric Thomas

[8] Exodus Overview, by Mark Barnes

For other available sermons, please surf to Sermon / Preaching resources. Sermons are also available from South McGehee Baptist Church, McGehee, Arizona; Central Baptist Church, Lowesville; First Baptist Church, Mountain View, Missouri; Swift Creek Baptist Church; Word of Life Baptist Church, Pottsville, Philadelphia; Palm Springs Baptist Church, California; South Woods Baptist Church; Grove Baptist Church, Ulster; Dudley Baptist Church, United Kingdom; Independent Fundamental Baptist Sermons, Fundamental Christian Radio Broadcasts, Off-Site Audio Page and The Christian Radio Tuner

Notes: (1) This ministry does not necessarily endorse or share all the views and opinions expressed in the materials, resources or links mentioned in these posts. Please always refer to the Articles of Faith and Biblical distinctives of Baptists when you study these materials. (2) This lesson is part of the projected 300 plus lessons. From time to time, the lessons will be updated, revised, combined, formatted, and edited to comply with the VOA Simplified English word list. Later on, these lessons will be categorized, numbered sequentially, and made available as PDF downloads.

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